If there is no match in the hosts file, then the DNS server will be used. In Notepad, click File then Open.

Add any entries you wish to the end of the file. Consider the example below: Enter the IP address you want to refer to first, hit space, and then the server name (or domain name) that you want to associate with it.
You will first have to open it in text editors such as VI editor, Nano editor or gedit, etc.

Each line consists of an IP address, followed by one or more hostnames:

Editing your hosts file can be useful if you are running tests on your network. If for some reason DNS is listed first, open the file in your text editor: It should open the nsswitch.conf file. The hosts file is a plain text file that all operating systems use to translate hostnames (also known as web addresses or URLs) into IP addresses. If you make a mistake or need to tell your operating system to ignore a line, add the ‘#’ sign at the beginning of that line. Multiple options, including using Linux command…. in the Linux terminal. We can now use the webserver hostname to communicate with the remote machine: Note that you can use both the /etc/hosts file and a DNS server for name resolution. For example, an intranet, like a corporate office that has servers for users to access, or it could be domain names for servers on the internet. The network can only work with these addresses. Scroll down to the end of the file … Comments begin with a hash symbol (#) and continue to the end of the line.

The /etc/hosts file is a static DNS file with a list of computer names and their corresponding addresses. Here’s a brief breakdown: The first set of four (4) digits is the IP address you’re mapping. How to Edit Hosts File in Linux, Windows, or Mac. This is a simple text file that contains IP addresses to hostnames mappings. Type the following in the terminal window: The system should prompt you to enter your password – this is the same password you use to log in to the system. You can edit the hosts text file, located at /etc/hosts only as a superuser. Empty Lines 2. Editing the hosts file in Windows, Mac, or Linux operating system is a simple task. The hosts file in Windows, Mac, or Linux maps hostnames to IP addresses. The hosts file is an elementary tool of a network protocol and converts host names into numeric IP addresses. All Rights Reserved. Please type the following command: Or (for gedit) As mentioned before, we will be editing the first part of the hosts file where IP addresses and hostnames are defined. To check the configuration, in your terminal window type: The terminal will return a list of information. Modify Hosts File in Windows.

The Windows hosts file is that it gives you a brief explanation of how to write a new line. Just make sure you know the IP address of the server you want to connect to, and then specify the name you want to type into a browser, and you’ll be on your way!

It’s especially handy that the file looks the same, no matter which you’re running!
Domain Name System (DNS) first emerged in the early 1980s.

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