Therefore, in Europe archaeology, though explicitly linked to a strict definition of anthropology, can stand on its own because it is just generally more valued. The problem as I see it is that anthropology is not ambitious enough, and that both archaeology and cultural anthropology must conceptualize themselves as part of a broader human science if they are to remain useful. institution, Login via your American Antiquity: 303-309. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. It started with a big push to collect things for their artistic value, or perhaps for their political value. This doesn’t mean that someone can’t be highly theoretically inclined within the social sciences, or indeed any science, but that engagement with observables is fundamental to theory development and theory testing. 25. In this article, we are going to look at this difference between Archaeology and Anthropology. Even though fundamental techniques like seriation and stratigraphy developed in Egyptological contexts, primarily through the work of scholars like Flinders Petrie, Egyptology remains distinct from archaeological anthropology, and to this day is part of ‘Near Eastern studies’, a historical/archaeological/literary discipline defined regionally, whereas Maya, Aztec, and Inka archaeology are linked to anthropology (as with the prehistoric archaeology of both the New and Old Worlds). Let’s hope Arkansans remain so willing to be a part of the process. It is my impression that in Europe archaeology is thought of as its own entity because the general consensus is that you are doing the archaeology of yourselves. Along with what others have written, North American (Mexico included) anthropology results from a specific history in which committed holist Franz Boas was prominent. Anthropology and Archaeology are two fields of study between which certain differences can be identified. Willey and Phillips statement that ‘American archaeology is anthropology or it is nothing’ (1958), Method and theory in American archaeology, (1958), p. 2. Of course, Phillips knew this well, as his foundational work Archaeological Survey in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley, 1940-1947 relied heavily on talking with local farmers and others about where they were finding artifacts and where they saw mounds. “The notion that there can be such a thing as ‘just a theorist’ is abhorrent to me and should be to any social scientist, regardless of field.”. Willey, Gordon and Philip Phillips (1958) Method and Theory in American Archeology. Gordon Childe is often mentioned as an important figure behind this movement. I agree with what /u/SurpriseRhine has to say, in general. Access supplemental materials and multimedia.

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